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Learn How to Fight Identity Theft With Tips from the Social Security Administration

Identity theft is when someone uses your personal information to impersonate you or steal from you. These crimes can impact your physical, mental, and emotional health and lead to lost opportunities that are often hard to measure. Learning more about identity theft can help you keep your personal information safe.

There are two types of identity theft you should be aware of:

• Thieves stealing your data, physically or digitally, without contacting you directly.

• Thieves contacting you directly and convincing you to provide sensitive information.

In these instances, you may never know how the thief got your information. Identity thieves steal personal information like your name, address, credit card or bank account numbers, Social Security number (SSN), and Medical insurance account numbers. They may use this information to:

Courtesy Wikipedia

Example of an identity theft crime: 1. The fraudster files tax return paperwork in the victim's name, claiming a refund. 2. The IRS issues a refund to the fraudster. 3. The victim submits their legitimate tax return. 4. The IRS rejects the return as a duplicate.

• Steal your Income Tax refund

• Buy items with your credit cards or bank accounts.

• Obtain new credit cards or accounts in your name.

• Use your SSN to get a job.

• Open phone or utility accounts in your name.

• Use your health insurance to obtain Medical care.

• Pretend to be you if they are arrested.

To spot identity theft, keep track of your mail for missing bills or other documents. Review your credit card and bank statements for unauthorized transactions, and obtain and review your credit reports regularly to make sure they do not include accounts you have not opened.

While no plan is perfect, taking the precautions below can help you better protect your personal information:

• Protect documents that have personal information.

• Ask questions before giving out your SSN.

• Protect your personal information online and on your phone by using a strong password and adding multi-factor authentication when offered.

• Safeguard your information on social networks.

If you detect fraud, report it to the company where it occurred. Contact a credit bureau to place a fraud alert on your credit report, and file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission at, and file a police report.

For more information about how to protect your SSN from identity thieves, read our publication, Office of Inspector General's website.

It's important to protect yourself against identity theft because it can damage your credit status. Repairing this damage can cost you a great deal of time and money.


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